Generic Drug Name: Chlorpheniramine
Other Common Names: Chlor-Trimetron
Chlorpheniramine is an antihistamine that is most commonly used to treat symptoms of allergies and allergic reactions in both dogs and cats. Chlorpheniramine is one of the more commonly used antihistamines used in treating pruritus in cats. In some cases, Chlorpheniramine is used as a tranquilizer to calm excited animals.
Side effects most commonly associated with Chlorpheniramine are lethargy, sedation, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. Animals with glaucoma, lung disease, high blood pressure, asthma, heart disease, or prostate gland enlargement should not be treated with Chlorpheniramine.
Chlorpheniramine should not be administered in animals with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to the drug. Chlorpheniramine may interact with other medications including barbiturates, tranquilizers, and heparin. This should be discussed with a veterinarian. Emergency veterinary care should be sought if an animal experiences any unusual symptoms.
Chlorpheniramine should be stored in a tight, light resistant container. All forms of Chlorpheniramine should be stored at room temperature.
Chlorpheniramine is available in 2mg, 4mg, 8mg, and 12 mg tablets, 2mg/5ml oral syrup, and 10mg/ml or 100mg/ml liquid injectable.
A typical dose range for Chlorpheniramine in dogs is 4-8 mg/kg (maximum of 0.5mh/kg) PO q8-12h PO. Dose may vary in different species, when the drug is given by a different route or concurrently with other medications, and with regards to a patient's age, breed, and health status. A veterinarian's dosing instructions and/or those printed on the medication label should be followed closely.
If a dose is missed, it should be administered as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the subsequent dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular administration schedule resumed. Two doses of Chlorpheniramine should not be administered at the same time.