Generic Drug Name: Ciprofloxacin
Other Common Names: Cipro
Ciprofloxacin is a broad spectrum antibiotic most commonly used to treat infections in dogs and cats. Ciprofloxacin is effective in treating urinary tract infections, respiratory infections, skin infections, and wound infections. There are formulations for treating ear and ocular infections as well. Ciprofloxacin is not effective in treating infections caused by parasites, viruses, or molds.
Although adverse reactions are not common with the use of Ciprofloxacin, some animals may experience diarrhea.
Ciprofloxacin should not be administered in animals with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to the drug. Ciprofloxacin should not be administered in puppies under the age of 28 weeks. Young animals are prone to develop damage to the cartilage of their joints when treated with Ciprofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin should not be administered in pregnant animals. Ciprofloxacin may interact with other medications including theophylline, sucralfate, cyclosporine, iron supplements, and antacids. This should be discussed with a veterinarian. Emergency veterinary care should be sought if an animal experiences any unusual symptoms.
Ciprofloxacin tablets should be stored in a tight, light resistant container at temperatures less than 30°C. Ciprofloxacin injectable should be stored at 5°-25°C and protected from light and freezing.
Ciprofloxacin is available in the following forms:
100mg, 250mg, 500mg, and 700mg tablets
5% and 10% suspension and injection of 2mg/ml and 10mg/ml
Ear formulation containing 2 mg ciprofloxacin and 10mg hydrocortisone 10ml
0.3% ophthalmic solution 2.5ml, 5ml, and 10ml and 3.5gm ointment
A typical dose range for Ciprofloxacin in dogs is 5-15mg/kg PO q12. Dose may vary in different species, when the drug is given by a different route or concurrently with other medications, and with regards to a patient's age, breed, and health status. A veterinarian's dosing instructions and/or those printed on the medication label should be followed closely.
If a dose is missed, it should be administered as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the subsequent dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular administration schedule resumed. Two doses of Ciprofloxacin should not be administered at the same time.